ES6 on io.js
Version 3.3.1 of io.js ships with V8 188.8.131.52, which includes ES6 features well beyond version 3.28.73 that ship with Node.js™ 0.12.x.
No more --harmony flag
On Node.js™@0.12.x (V8 3.28+), the
--harmony runtime flag enables all completed, staged and in progress ES6 features together, in bulk (with the exception of
proxies which are hidden under
--harmony-proxies). This means that some really buggy or even broken features like Arrow Functions are just as readily available for developers as generators, which have very little or even no known-issues. As such, most developers tend to enable only certain features by using specific runtime harmony feature flags (e.g.
--harmony-generators), or simply enable all of them and then use a restricted subset.
With io.js (V8 4.1+), all that complexity goes away. All harmony features are now logically split into three groups for shipping, staged and in progress features:
- All shipping features, the ones that V8 has considered stable, like classes, generators, templates, new string methods and many others are turned on by default on io.js and do NOT require any kind of runtime flag.
- Then there are staged features which are almost-completed features that haven't been completely tested or updated to the latest spec yet and therefore are not considered stable by the V8 team (e.g. there might be some edge cases left to discover). This is probably the equivalent of the state of generators on 3.26. These are the "use at your own risk" type of features that now require a runtime flag:
--es_staging(or its synonym,
- Finally, all in progress features can be activated individually by their respective harmony flag (e.g.
--harmony_arrow_functions), although this is highly discouraged unless for testing purposes.
Which ES6 features ship with io.js by default (no runtime flag required)?
As of v8 184.108.40.206, block-scoped declarations are intentionally implemented with a non-compliant limitation to strict mode code. Developers should be aware that this will change as v8 continues towards ES6 specification compliance.
Classes (strict mode only)
Object literal extensions (shorthand properties and methods)
You can view a more detailed list, including a comparison with other engines, on the compat-table project page.
Which ES6 features are behind the --es_staging flag?
Symbol.toStringTag(user-definable results for
Object.prototype.toString, behind flag
Which ES6 features are in progress?
New features are constantly being added to the V8 engine. Generally speaking, expect them to land on a future io.js release, although timing is unknown.
You may list all the in progress features available on each io.js release by grepping through the
--v8-options argument. Please note that these are incomplete and possibly broken features of V8, so use them at your own risk:
iojs --v8-options | grep "in progress"
I have my infrastructure set up to leverage the --harmony flag. Should I remove it?
The current behaviour of the
--harmony flag on io.js is to enable staged features only. After all, it is now a synonym of
--es_staging. As mentioned above, these are completed features that have not been considered stable yet. If you want to play safe, especially on production environments, consider removing this runtime flag until it ships by default on V8 and, consequently, on io.js. If you keep this enabled, you should be prepared for further io.js upgrades to break your code if V8 changes their semantics to more closely follow the standard.
How do I find which version of V8 ships with a particular version of io.js?
io.js provides a simple way to list all dependencies and respective versions that ship with a specific binary through the
process global object. In case of the V8 engine, type the following in your terminal to retrieve its version:
iojs -p process.versions.v8